In addition to the specific objectives of the program, the study presents four other interests for decision-makers often interested in a return on the effects of the public policies they implement.
1. The world is changing, the constraints but also the opportunities are multiplying and diversifying. As a result of this change in the international environment, there are many windows of opportunity open to African policymakers. But the fact that the political economy of the emergence in the African countries, the crafts and the logics of maneuvering actions of the public authorities in these countries are very little studied leaves the feeling of being in front of states “acted”, indefinitely settled in a posture of dominated more than in the face of state that act. This can reinforce the misconception that these states have not yet entered the vast upheaval movement of the world economy. Starting from the Ivorian and Cameroonian case, this research program makes it possible to inform and enhance the maneuvering capacity of these States, confronted as elsewhere in a changing international environment.
2. The fight against poverty and inequality is a key dimension of growth policies that are now inclusive because of the social policies that accompany them. Scientifically questioning what constitutes social housing policy in Cameroon and Côte d’Ivoire would be a good window for documenting and informing states about the strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of these social policies through which they plan to take up the challenge of inclusion.
3. The development approach based on a growth policy pursued by small and medium-sized enterprises as well as industries, and on the prospect of a public-private partnership is one of the major levers of the promise of short term emergence announced both in Cameroon and Côte d’Ivoire. Questioning the logic and practices of this new approach to development through the analysis of the supply of specific public services (energy, social housing, port activities) also makes it possible to inform public policies on the direct and indirect effects of economic options on the national private sector, the power relations in construction and the power relations that these options set between national SMEs and the non-national private sector, particularly in the sectors under study: energy, port activities and housing social.
4. This research program is based on two countries, Côte d’Ivoire and Cameroon, economic hubs in the West Africa and Central Africa subregions. Given the geostrategic positions of these countries and the singularity of their economic policies in their respective zones, one of the ambitions of the program would be to serve as a transfer belt and to share experiences of good public policy practices. As a result, the conclusions drawn from these two case studies will aim to be generalized to the entire African continent, or at least to all countries whose development objectives aim at emergence.
Text in French: Portée politique du programme