New Global Powers

Since the beginning of the 21st century, we can see the rise of new global powers such as the BRICS countries in general and China in particular. Their rise has had two related consequences for African states. First, the arrival of new donors provides alternative sources of funding to developing countries, thus broadening the room for maneuver that African leaders have in their dealings with the IFIs, bilateral donors and investors. This is in particular the case with Chinese aid and investments for large infrastructure projects throughout the continent (World Bank 2009). Even if China is still a relatively minor contributor of ODA, its impact on overall project funding in Africa is important (Strange et al. 2013)2. As a consequence, China and other new donors have given a new impetus to a particular vision of large-scale development schemes through investments in basic infrastructures (trains, roads, bridges, dams, etc.). Second, emerging ‘Southern’ global powers are also important and attractive as alternative models of development. China, with its impressive achievements in terms of poverty alleviation and rapid industrial-ization increasingly stands as such (Hofisi 2013), particularly against the backdrop of the financial and economic crises in Europe and North America. Brazil has also renewed the focus on social safety nets and has provided an alternative to standard strategies of poverty reduction (Merrien 2013).

Gérard AMOUGOU has given a special attention in his work to this dimension of new global powers in Africa. His research project in the framework of the R4D program is entitled :

The contribution of the emerging powers (China, Turkey and Marocco) in the development of Cameroon

by Gérard AMOUGOU

Abstract: Three years after the achievement of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) in 2009, the Cameroonian government developed a development planning program, with the aim of achieving the emergence in 2035. The implementation of this program, structured around a series of structuring projects (major infrastructural works), is made possible by the contribution of emerging States. If China is the first financial partner of Cameroon, Turkey and Morocco also play a significant role in the operationalization of these flagship projects, like the construction of the Japoma football stadium in Douala as well as social housing projects. In this research program, our work intend to offer a panoramic look at the history and implementation of emergence policies in Cameroon, while exploring the new place occupied by the emerging countries in the operationalization of them. After conducting a critical review of the history of development policies in Cameroon, our research plans to assess the place and vision of development in Cameroon’s foreign (and / or cooperation) policy. Subsequently, it will be necessary to understand respectively the stakes and actors of Cameroon’s cooperation with China, Turkey and Morocco, so as to better understand the contribution of these emerging countries in the performance of public development policies in Cameroon.