In order to understand the contemporary reemergence of planning programs as a part of the historicity of the African development, Fofana MOUSSA focus his work on the socio-history of development planification in Côte d’Ivoire and Cameroon:
“Socio-historic approach of development plans and public policies in Côte d’Ivoire: case of the social housing and the access to the domestic electricity”
Abstract: The speeches and the practices of the Ivorian governments regarding development policies, from 1960, are structured and contained in documents-programs with which the historic marks allow to study the State confronted with the national and international political and macroeconomic contingencies and quite at the same time committed in the elaboration and the coordination of the public politics. This area of research, from the sociohistorical approach, question the dimension of the social welfare and the equity in the access to fruits of the economic growth which turns out a constant in the heart of the successive plans of development since 1960. What is the nature of ” the social State ” set in the successive plannings of the development even though, according to their international commitments, the governments gradually developed a neo-liberal schedule in which the State is supposed reduced to its minimum? In fine, the objective of this axis is to analyze the State and its power of intervention through the more or less clear choices made in conformance with “the social State”. Social housing policies and of the access of the households to the electricity are mainly targeted because in these domains, the State committed structured actions of investments, control and regulation presented by the governments as the options in favour of the “social greater well-being” which they meant to reach for the benefit of the populations.