Development needs energy to be fueled. In that, a good access to energy is considered by African States as a cornerstone of economic and social structural transformation. Indeed, it is supposed to improve population’s well-being, as well as to foster industry and business creation. Since the mnid-2000’s, Cameroon and Ivory Coast has implemented ambitous energy policies. The objective of these countries is to become a energy hub at a regional level.
In the framework of the R4D research project, Fahiraman Rodrigue KONE focuses his PhD thesis on the energy sector :
“Analyzing the Ivorian government’s energy policy development through the lens of its electricity pricing policy”
Abstract: Ensuring the supply of abundant, high-quality and affordable electricity is one of the major challenges facing Ivorian authorities, whose ambition is to make Côte d’Ivoire “an emerging country by 2020.” The power sector will have to mobilize private capital to increase its capacity and respond first to the needs of the private sector considered a key player in the creation of expected wealth, then guarantee access to electricity to all citizens, and finally support the Ivorian state’s drive to make the country the “hub of West Africa’s energy market”. In order to achieve these ambitions, the Ivorian government engaged a set of reforms in the electricity sector in 2012. One of the most prominent measures were tariff adjustments made on the cost of electricity consumption between 2012 and 2016. These adjustments according to the government were aimed at restoring the financial balance of the sector and guaranteeing a favourable economic environment that encourages private investment. But the government faced strong social discontent denouncing a policy that was incongruous with the socio-economic realities of average Ivorians. The cost of electricity became a point of social tension polarizing the divergent interests of private and social actors that overlapped with the ambitions of the state’s energy policy. Using the dynamics of power relations around the electricity pricing as a starting point, the objective Mr. Kone’s doctoral research is to understand the regulatory capacity of the Ivorian state as it develops its energy policy.